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Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (57 Views)
Background: Obesity, a medical condition with impaired adipokine secretion and function, has a detrimental effect on insulin and glucose metabolism. CTRP3 and CTRP9 are adipokines with possible roles in energy homeostasis regulation. We sought to compare CTRP3, CTRP9, and inflammatory gene expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) from obese women who underwent bariatric surgery and non-obese women as controls.
Methods: For this study, the investigators recruited 20 morbidly obese women (BMI> 35) who qualified for bariatric surgery and 20 normal-weight women (BMI< 25) who underwent elective surgeries. Real-time PCR was performed to investigate mRNA expression of CTRP3, CTRP9, and the inflammatory genes IL1-β, IL-6, MCP-1, and TNF-α in SAT and VAT from both obese patients and controls.
Results: We observed that CTRP3 mRNA levels were significantly greater in VAT from obese patients than from controls (P< 0.0003). Also, patient group had higher levels of CTRP9 that control group (P< 0.0026). Inflammatory cytokines were markedly increased in SAT of obese patients compared to controls (P< 0.05). In addition, our results revealed a positive correlation of CTRP9 with HOMA-IR and waist circumference in VAT and CTRP3 with IL-1β, MCP-1, and TNF-α in SAT.
Conclusions: Both CTRP3 and CTRP9 expression were significantly higher in VAT from obese patients than from controls, and CTRP3 expression positively correlated with inflammatory parameters. Our findings indicate that CTRP3 and CTRP9 might be important in regulating glucose metabolism and obesity-related conditions such as inflammation.
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Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Biochemistry
Received: 2019/12/26 | Accepted: 2020/01/4 | Published: 2020/05/19

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