Volume 10, Issue 2 (Vol.10 No.2 Jul 2021)                   rbmb.net 2021, 10(2): 280-287 | Back to browse issues page

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Eshaghkhani Y, Mohamadifar A, Asadollahi M, Taghizadeh M, Karamzade A, Saberi M, et al . Whole-Exome Sequencing Identified a Novel Variant (C.405_422+39del) in DSP Gene in an Iranian Pedigree with Familial Dilated Cardiomyopathy. rbmb.net. 2021; 10 (2) :280-287
URL: http://rbmb.net/article-1-648-en.html
Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran & Watson Genetic Laboratory, North Kargar Street, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (753 Views)
Background: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a progressive heart condition characterized by left ventricular chamber enlargement associated with systolic heart failure and prolonged action potential duration. Genetic variations in genes that encode cytoskeleton, sarcomere, and nuclear envelope proteins are responsible for 45% of cases. In our study, we focused on a pedigree with familial DCM to decipher the potential genetic cause(s) in affected members developing arrhythmia, end-stage heart failure, and sudden death.

Methods: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was exploited for a 27-year-old heart-transplanted female as the proband, and the derived data were filtered using the standard pipelines.

Results: A 57-nucleotide deletion (c.405_422+39del) in the desmoplakin gene (DSP) (NM_004415.4) was identified as a novel pathogenic variant. Familial segregation analysis indicated that this variant is present in clinically affected members and absent in unaffected members.

Conclusions: It seems that the detected variant induces intron retention, resulting in a premature stop codon in intron 3 of DSP leading to production of a truncated, nonfunctional protein. Additionally, it can trigger a nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway associated with inhibition of protein production. The present study results illustrated that a novel deletion in DSP can cause DCM in an Iranian family.
Full-Text [PDF 475 kb]   (362 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Case Report | Subject: Molecular Biology
Received: 2021/01/30 | Accepted: 2021/02/13 | Published: 2021/08/26

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