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NHC Key Laboratory of Metabolic Cardiovascular Diseases Research, Science and Technology Center, School of Basic Medicine, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, China.
Abstract:   (44 Views)
Background: Mutations in the receptor tyrosine kinase KIT are the major cause of gastrointestinal stromal tumors. KIT-mediated activation of the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK and PI3 kinase/AKT pathways plays an important role in KIT mutant-mediated cell transformation.

Methods: The frequently seen primary KIT mutations W557K558del and V560D, and the secondary KIT mutations V654A and N822K, in gastrointestinal stromal tumors were stably transfected into Ba/F3 cells. Cell proliferation was examined with a CCK kit, and cell survival and cell cycle were examined by flow cytometry. Cell signaling was examined by western blot.

Results: We found that farnesyltransferase inhibitors tipifarnib and lonafarnib, which inhibit RAS activity, inhibited ERK activation mediated by both wild-type and KIT mutants, which often occur in gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Correspondingly, both wild-type and KIT mutant-mediated cell survival and proliferation were inhibited by both inhibitors. Imatinib is used as the first-line targeted therapy for gastrointestinal stromal tumors in the clinic. In our study, both inhibitors increased imatinib-mediated inhibition of cell survival and proliferation induced by both wild-type and KIT mutants. Similar to the primary KIT mutations, secondary mutations of KIT-induced ERK activation and cell response were inhibited by both inhibitors.

Conclusions: Our results suggested the potential benefit of farnesyltransferase inhibitors either alone or combined with imatinib in the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors carrying KIT mutations.
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Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Molecular Biology
Received: 2022/11/27 | Accepted: 2022/12/19

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