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Division of Applied Biomedical Science and Biotechnology, School of Health Sciences, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Abstract:   (102 Views)
Background: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that causes cognitive dysfunction. Previous studies have suggested that amyloid plaques, mainly comprising of amyloid-beta peptides, play a pivotal role in AD pathophysiology. This study focuses on the evaluation of the effects of amyloid precursor protein (APP) overexpression on NF-κB, Rho-GTPase and Bcl-2 mediated pro-apoptotic pathways in neuronal cells.

Methods: A lentiviral transduction system was used to generate SH-SY5Y cells overexpressing APP. Immunoblotting was conducted to determine expression levels of NF-κB, Rho-GTPase, and Bcl-2 family proteins in the APP overexpressed cells.

Results: In the NF-κB signaling pathway, APP-overexpressing SH-SY5Y cells showed that there was a reduction of p-NF-κB (p< 0.05) and IKKα. Subsequently, there was upregulation of protein expression of NF-Κb, IKKβ and IκBα. On the other hand, protein expression of RhoC (p< 0.05) and Rac1/2/3 was upregulated as compared to the control group. Meanwhile, a decrease in RhoA, Cdc42 (p< 0.05) and p-Rac1/cdc42 protein levels was observed in the APP-overexpressed group. Lastly, in the pro-apoptotic pathway, the expression of Bcl-2, Bid, Bok and Puma (p< 0.05) was up regulated in the APP-overexpressed group. Downregulation of Bad and Bim expression was observed in the APP-overexpressed as compared to the control group, and Bax expression remained unchanged in the APP-overexpressed group.

Conclusions: APP overexpression regulated signaling in the NF-κB, Rho-GTPase and Bcl-2 family pathways in neuronal cells, suggesting that these are involved in promoting neuronal survival and modulating synaptic plasticity in AD. However, further studies are essential to elucidate the APP-mediated mechanism of action.
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Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Cell Biology
Received: 2020/05/30 | Accepted: 2020/06/8

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