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Al-Amara S S M. Constitutive and Inducible Clindamycin Resistance Frequencies among Staphylococcus sp. Coagulase Negative Isolates in Al-Basrah Governorate, Iraq. rbmb.net. 2022; 11 (1) :30-35
URL: http://rbmb.net/article-1-797-en.html
Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Basrah, Iraq.
Abstract:   (528 Views)
Background: Antibiotics called macrolide, lincosamide and streptogramin B (MLSB) are being used to treat staphylococci infections. Multiple pathways that impart resistance to MLSB antibiotics have been confirmed to cause clinical failure. The present work aimed to determine the frequency of constitutive and inducible clindamycin resistant among coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) isolates of different clinical samples in Al-Basrah governorate, Iraq.

Methods: The 28 CoNS, traditional techniques and the Vitek®2 system were used to identify the isolates. The disk diffusion technique was used to detect methicillin resistance and antibiotic sensitivity patterns via cefoxitin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, amikacin, teicoplanin, linezolid, doxycycline and vancomycin disks. Erythromycin and clindamycin antibiotic disks was used to detect the inducible and constitutive clindamycin resistance as well as a D-test according to CLSI guidelines.

Results: Among 28 CoNS isolated, the Staphylococcus aureus 11(39.29%), Staphylococcus epidermidis 7(25 %), Staphylococcus haemolyticus 4(14.29%) and Staphylococcus saprophyticus 3 (10.71%) were predominant isolated species. Out of 28 CoNS isolates, 15(53.57%) were methicillin resistant coagulasenegative staphylococci (MRCoNS) isolates and 13(46.43%) were methicillin sensitive coagulase-negative staphylococci (MSCoNS) isolates. The 15(53.57%) isolates out of 28 CoNS, showed erythromycin resistance while 6(40%) isolates out of 15 CoNS, showed inducible macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (iMLSB) and 2(13.3%) of CONS isolated showed constitutive macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (cMLSB).

Conclusions: In order to achive the best result in choosing the suitable treatment and avoiding the loses the money and time, it is better to use the D-test for inducible clindamycin resistance in the daily routine work of antibiotic susceptibility testing in hospital and private clinical laboratories.
Full-Text [PDF 360 kb]   (176 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2021/10/5 | Accepted: 2021/10/20 | Published: 2022/05/26

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