Volume 11, Issue 4 (Vol.11 No.4 Jan 2023)                   rbmb.net 2023, 11(4): 730-738 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohamed Abdelgawad L, Abdullatif Abdelaziz A, Bawdy El-Begawey M, Mohamed Saafan A. Influence of Nanocurcumin and Photodynamic Therapy Using Nanocurcumin in Treatment of Rat Tongue Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Through Histological Examination and Gene Expression of BCL2 and Caspase-3. rbmb.net 2023; 11 (4) :730-738
URL: http://rbmb.net/article-1-845-en.html
Department of Medical Applications of Lasers, National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Abstract:   (1693 Views)
Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the sixth most common mouth cancer in the world. The aim of the present study is comparing the effects of using Nanocurcumin, and photodynamic therapy (PDT), alone or together in treatment of OSCC in rats.

Methods: Forty Wister male rats were divided into Control (group 1), 650 nm diode Laser only (group 2), Nanocurcumin alone (group 3), and PDT with a combination of laser with Nanocurcumin (group 4). Then, OSCC in the tongue induced by dimethylbenz anthracene (DMBA). The treatments were evaluated clinically, histopathologically, and immunohistochemically through BCL2 and Caspase-3 genes expression.

Results: Positive control with OSCC displayed significant weight loss, while PDT group gained more than nanocurcumin treated groups as well as laser groups comparing with control positive group.
The histological examination of the tongue in PDT group showed improvement. In laser group, there were partial loss of surface epithelium with various ulcers and dysplasia and partial improvement by this type of treatment. The tongue in the positive control group showed ulcer in the dorsum surface with inflammatory cells, hyperplasia of the mucosa membrane around the ulcer (acanthosis) with increase of dentition, vacuolar degeneration of prickle cell layer and increase mitotic activity of basal cell layer together with dermal proliferation.

Conclusions: Under the condition of the present study, PDT using nanocurcumin photosensitizer was effective in the treatment of OSCC regarding clinical, histological and gene expression of BCL2 and Caspase-3.
Full-Text [PDF 278 kb]   (1077 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Molecular Biology
Received: 2021/12/27 | Accepted: 2021/12/29 | Published: 2023/04/3

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