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Al-Fahad D, Alyaseen F, Al-Amery A, Ibeas Bin C. Regulation of Focal Adhesion Dynamics and Cell Migration by PLC/PI3K-Mediated Metabolism of PtdIns (4,5) P2 in a Breast Cancer Cell Line. rbmb.net. 2022; 11 (2) :270-281
URL: http://rbmb.net/article-1-856-en.html
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy University of Thi-Qar, Iraq
Abstract:   (1017 Views)
Background: Focal adhesions (FAs) are highly dynamic complex structures that assembled and disassembled on an ongoing basis. The balance between the two processes mediates various aspects of cell behavior, ranging from cell adhesion to cell migration. Assembly and disassembly processes of FAs are
regulated by a variety of cellular signaling proteins and adaptors. We previously demonstrated that local levels of Phosphatidylinositol 4,5‐bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) in MDA-MB-231 cells increases during FA assembly and declines during disassembly. In this study we aimed to investigate whether PtdIns(4,5)P2 regulates FA turnover.

Methods: MDA-MB-231 cells were co-transfected with a labeling vinculin (or zyxin) and the PLC𝛅1-PH biosensor to visualize FA localization and PtdIns(4,5)P2 in the cell membrane. We also used pharmacological inhibitors to determine the mechanism underlying the changes of PtdIns(4,5)P2 level
during FA turnover and cell migration. Immunostaining, immunoprecipitation, and Western blotting were used to examine the localization and interaction between phospholipase C (PLC)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) FA proteins.

Results: We showed that inhibition of PLC, PI3K significantly reduced the decline of PtdIns(4,5)P2 levels within FA disassembly and the slowdown rate of FA turnover and cell migration. We also showed that the inhibition of enzymes implicated in the downstream pathway of PtdIns(4,5)P2, such as diacylglycerol kinase (DAGK) and protein kinase C (PKC) significantly reduced FA turnover time and the speed of cell migration. Additionally, we demonstrated that PLC but not PI3K interact with FAs. In conclusion,

Conclusions: This study suggests that dynamical changes of PtdIns(4,5)P2 might regulate FA turnover and facilitate cell migration.
Full-Text [PDF 512 kb]   (257 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Cell Biology
Received: 2022/01/6 | Accepted: 2022/01/14 | Published: 2022/08/7

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