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Anetakis C, Mitka S, Chatzidimitriou M, Anagnostopoulos K, Eleftheriou P, Lialiaris T. Vitamin D Status in Osteoporotic and Diabetic Patients and Athletic Healthy Individuals from Northern Greece. rbmb.net 2023; 11 (4) :565-576
URL: http://rbmb.net/article-1-975-en.html
Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Alexandrian Campus of International Hellenic University, 57400 Sindos, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Abstract:   (1639 Views)
Background: Vitamin D deficiency is recognised as a pandemic in the developed world. However, the importance of prudent sun exposure tends to be overlooked, which is responsible for this pandemic.

Methods: We investigated the vitamin D status in 326 adults, 165 females and 161 males: 99 Osteoporosis patients, 53 Type 1 Diabetes patients, 51 Type 2 Diabetes patients, and 123 Athletic Healthy individuals, from Northern Greece, through the measurement of total calcidiol in winter and summer by immunoenzymatic assay.

Results: In the Whole Sample 23.31% had severe deficiency, 13.50% mild deficiency, 17.48% insufficiency, and 45.71% adequacy at the end of winter. Mean concentrations differed significantly (p <0.001) between males and females. The prevalence of deficiency in the young was significantly lower than in the middle-aged (p = 0.004) and in the elderly (p <0.001), while it was significantly lower (p = 0.014) in the middle-aged than in the elderly. The best vitamin D status was found in the Athletic Healthy individuals, followed by the Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetic patients, while Osteoporotic patients had the poorest status. The difference in mean concentrations between winter and summer was significant (p <0.001).

Conclusions: Vitamin D status deteriorated with increasing age and it was better in males than in females. Our findings suggest that outdoor physical activity in a Mediterranean country can cover the vitamin D needs of the young and the middle-aged, but not of the elderly, without the need for dietary supplements.
Full-Text [PDF 309 kb]   (1155 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Biochemistry
Received: 2022/06/16 | Accepted: 2022/07/20 | Published: 2023/04/3

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