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Souri F, Badavi M, Dianat M, Mard S A, Sarkaki A. Effect of Gallic Acid Pretreatment and SGK1 Enzyme Inhibition on Cardiac Function and Inflammation in a Rat Model of Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury. rbmb.net 2023; 12 (1) :159-172
URL: http://rbmb.net/article-1-1126-en.html
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran & Persian Gulf Physiology Research Center, Medical Basic Sciences Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (852 Views)
Background: Serum and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 (SGK1) is an enzyme that may play an important role in ischemic-reperfusion (I/R) injury and myocardial dysfunction. Although many studies have been conducted on individual antioxidants, little attention has been paid to the effects of co-administration of an antioxidant with an SGK1 inhibitor on cardiac function after I/R.

Methods: This study aimed to determine the effects of gallic acid (as an antioxidant) combined with an SGK1 inhibitor on I/R-induced cardiac dysfunction and inflammation. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomized into 6 groups, pretreated with gallic acid or vehicle for 10 days. Subsequently, the heart was isolated and exposed to I/R. In groups that received the SGK1 inhibitor, the heart was perfused with the SGK1 inhibitor GSK650394, 5 min before induction of ischemia. After that, cardiac function, inflammatory factors, and myocardial damage were evaluated.

Results: The combination of these two compounds improved cardiac contractility, heart rate, rate pressure product, left ventricular developed pressure, left ventricular systolic pressure, perfusion pressure, and QRS voltage significantly (P < 0.05). In addition, concomitant therapy of these two agents reduced tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6, and the activity of creatine kinase-MB, lactate dehydrogenase, and troponin-I (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: The results indicated that administration of gallic acid with the SGK1 inhibitor may have a potentiating effect on the improvement of cardiac dysfunction and I/R-induced inflammation.
Full-Text [PDF 454 kb]   (640 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Molecular Biology
Received: 2023/01/14 | Accepted: 2023/02/12 | Published: 2023/08/15

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