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Department of Biology, College of Education, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Erbil City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Abstract:   (195 Views)
Background: There is evident inter-individual variability in women's responses to Chlamydial infections and reproductive tract problems. Women's genetic variations within the Interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene have been linked to variances in response to Chlamydia trachomatis infection. This study was aimed to demonstrate the profound association of IL-10 with infertility and demonstrate the role of IL-10 (-592 C/A rs1800872) and (-1082 A>G rs1800896) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) gene in the susceptibility and severity of a C. trachomatis infection.

Method: In this evaluation study, serum IL-10 concentration was measured in 134 women diagnosed with infertility and 50 healthy volunteers by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The tetra-amplification refractory mutation system-PCR (T-ARMS-PCR) analysis was performed to detect the genotyping of the rs1800872 and rs1800896 SNPs genes.

Result: Both female groups were positive for anti-chlamydial IgM antibody, but the intensity of response differed between cases. At the same time, the incidence of genital C. trachomatis by PCR was 46.2% in infertile women. The serum concentration of IL10 was lower in infertile women than healthy participants and higher in infertile C. trachomatis-positive women compared to infertile C. trachomatis-negative in all groups except endometriosis (Endo) infertility. In rs1800872, the CA genotype and C allele are associated with an increased risk for infertility, except in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), which is an A allele. In the case of rs1800896, the AG genotype and G allele show a greater risk for infertility.

Conclusions: Our results confirmed that rs1800872 and rs1800896 gene polymorphisms were associated with an increased risk of C. trachomatis infection.
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Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Immunology
Received: 2023/08/18 | Accepted: 2024/01/28

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