Volume 2, Issue 1 (Vol.2 No.1 Oct 2013)                   rbmb.net 2013, 2(1): 48-51 | Back to browse issues page

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Sotoodeh Jahromi A, Pourahmad M. Hepatitis E Virus and Serum Level Aminotransferases in Blood Donors. rbmb.net. 2013; 2 (1) :48-51
URL: http://rbmb.net/article-1-41-en.html
Zoonoses Research Center, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran - Department of Internal Medicine, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran
Abstract:   (4361 Views)

Background: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is a self-limiting viral infection that can lead to severe complications and death. In different regions the epidemiology of this infection varies. In this study we evaluated the seroepidemiology of hepatitis E infection in Jahrom, a city in southern Iran.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of serum samples from 477 subjects, including 30 females and 447 males. HEV immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) levels were also determined. Four hundred forty-seven subjects were male and 30 were female. Subjects were classified by age and sex.

Results: One woman (3.3%) and 25 men (5.5%) were positive for HEV antibodies (IgG and/or IgM). There was found an association between serum level of aminotransferases and seropositivity for HEV.

Conclusion: The result of this study indicates that HEV is an etiological factor for hepatitis in this area of IRAN. The cost benefit of active immunization in endemic regions should be evaluated because an outbreak could have tragic consequences.

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Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2013/06/27 | Accepted: 2013/08/1 | Published: 2013/10/30

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