Volume 9, Issue 4 (Vol.9 No.4 Jan 2021)                   rbmb.net 2021, 9(4): 379-384 | Back to browse issues page

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Shapouri-Moghaddam A, Tavakkol Afshari S J, Rahimi H R, Saeed Modaghegh M, Mahmoudi M, Ehteshamfar S M. Para-Clinical and Immunological Evaluation in Buerger's Disease as a Suspected Autoimmune Disease: Case Series. rbmb.net 2021; 9 (4) :379-384
URL: http://rbmb.net/article-1-558-en.html
Immunology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (2889 Views)
Background: Autoimmunity causes the loss of normal immune homeostasis and involves the presence of autoantibodies and inflammation. Thromboangiitis obliterans or Buerger's disease (BD) refers to a type of vascular obstructive syndrome, with tobacco exposure accounting for disease formation and progression. However, the current understanding of autoimmunity is unclear in the context of BD, and the scientific findings are not enough to support autoimmune mechanisms. This study was aimed at investigating autoimmunity factors in patients with BD.

Methods: Clinical and experimental examinations were performed on 80 patients with BD. The diagnostic work-up for autoimmunity was composed of IgM rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies, Antiphospholipid antibodies (APA), Anti-cardiolipin antibodies (ACLA), anti-double-stranded DNA (ds-DNA), and extractable nuclear antigen (ENA) profile. Immunomarkers were detected using the quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results: Raynaud's phenomenon (84.93%), cold sensitivity (76.25%), and claudication (73.75%) were the most common symptoms in the BD patients. Also, 64.29% represented with high ANA levels and positive RF, while 42.11% were found with increased ANA and ESR levels. The ANA/RF positive BD patients had ESR> 15 mm/hr and a high prevalence of cold sensitivity, claudication, and Raynaud's phenomenon (p> 0.05).

Conclusions: There is a possibility of a non-specific autoimmune disposition among BD patients. RF and ANA could be considered for predicting disease progression.
Full-Text [PDF 215 kb]   (1207 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Immunology
Received: 2020/08/31 | Accepted: 2020/09/10 | Published: 2021/03/8

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