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Hematopoietic Stem Cell Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (58 Views)
Background: The discovery of biomarkers to predict the development of complications associated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers a potential avenue for the early identification and treatment of these life-threatening consequences. Serum lactate dehydrogenase (sLDH) has been identified as a potential biomarker for determining the outcome of allogenic HSCT (allo-HSCT).

Methods: A retrospective study was performed using data collected from 204 allo-HSCT recipient patients to examine the predictive value of sLDH levels pre- and post-allo-HSCT on patient survival, graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) incidence, and time to platelet/white blood cells (WBC) engraftment.

Results: Our findings show that neither pre- (p= 0.61) nor post-transplantation (p= 0.55) sLDH levels were associated with GVHD incidence. However, elevated sLDH levels pre- and post-transplantation (≥ 386 and ≥ 409 IU/mL, respectively) were found to be adverse risk factors for patient survival (p= 0.16, p= 0.20, respectively). Furthermore, a median sLDH level≥ 400 IU/mL from day +5 to day +15 post-transplantation had a significant positive association with enhanced time to platelet and white blood cell (WBC) engraftment, compared to patients with sLDH levels < 400 IU/mL (p< 0.001).

Conclusions: Our data suggests that high sLDH levels pre- and post-allo-HSCT could be considered a predictor of poor patient survival. Furthermore, high levels of sLDH days 5-15 post-allo-HSCT could be associated with improved time to platelet and WBC engraftment; however, this appears to come at the cost of increased mortality risk.
Full-Text [PDF 373 kb]   (48 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Biochemistry
Received: 2021/01/14 | Accepted: 2021/02/8

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