Volume 10, Issue 4 (Vol.10 No.4 Jan 2022)                   rbmb.net 2022, 10(4): 614-621 | Back to browse issues page


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Ahmadi A, Bayatiani M R, Seif F, Ansari J, Rashidi P, Moghadasi M et al . Evaluation of Radiotherapy on miR-374 Gene Expression in Colorectal Cancer Patient Blood Samples. rbmb.net. 2022; 10 (4) :614-621
URL: http://rbmb.net/article-1-643-en.html
Department of Medical Physics and Radiotherapy, Arak University of Medical Sciences and Khansari Hospital, Arak, Iran.
Abstract:   (761 Views)
Background: Current cancer treatments include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Despite these treatments, a main issue in cancer treatment is early detection. microRNAs (miRNAs) can be used as markers to diagnose and treat cancers. This study investigated the effect of radiotherapy on miR-374 expression, and APC and GSK-3β, two of its target genes, in the WNT pathway, in peripheral blood samples from radiotherapy-treated colorectal cancer (CRC) patients.

Methods: Peripheral blood was collected from 25 patients before and after radiotherapy. RNA was extracted from the blood and cDNA synthesized. miR-374, APC, and GSK-3β expression was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and the amplicons were sequenced. Finally, the data were statistically evaluated.

Results: Quantitative RT-PCR revealed significant down-regulation of miR-374 (0.63-fold) and upregulation of APC (1.12-fold) and GSK-3β (1.22-fold) in CRC patients after five weeks of radiotherapy. Sequencing of PCR-produced amplicons confirmed the conservation of mature and precursor sequences
encoding miR-374. miR-374 expression changed with time after radiotherapy treatment and related tumor grading. Increased age and tumor grade positively correlated with decreased miR-374 expression.

Conclusions: miR-374 expression, and that of its two target genes, APC and GSK-3β, changed after radiotherapy. These genes can likely be used as  diagnostic radiotherapy markers in CRC.
Full-Text [PDF 406 kb]   (344 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Article | Subject: Cell Biology
Received: 2021/01/19 | Accepted: 2021/10/24 | Published: 2022/02/7

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